Babies can enter this world in one of two different ways: pregnant women can deliver through a vaginal birth or surgical delivery called Caesarean Section. But the ultimate objective is to safely give birth to a healthy and happy baby.
Sometimes, C-sections are planned because of medical reasons that make a vaginal birth risky. A woman may know in advance that she will need a C-section and schedule it because she is expecting twins or other multiple babies or because the mother may have a medical condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure. The mother may want to avoid an infection that complicates pregnancy such as HIV or herpes, or she may be experiencing problems with the placenta during her pregnancy. Some women simply do not want to experience pain and opt for a C section because of it. There are dangers involved that should also be considered.
What to expect
A C-section is major surgery. But what does that really mean? In nearly all cases, you won’t be asleep. Most women have a spinal block or epidural to numb them from the shoulders down. Even so, you will be awake and alert.
Typically, you’ll have an IV and a catheter inserted. The C-section takes place in an operating room, where a drape blocks the incision from view. Some women still want to see the baby being delivered. If that’s you, ask your doctor if you can have the drape lowered at the moment of birth, and ask your partner to remind her of that wish.
After making an incision in your abdomen, the doctor parts the muscles, tissues and organs to reach the uterus and your baby. You can expect to feel some pressure as this occurs. You’ll feel a lot more when the doctor gently pushes the uterus, now cut open, down around the baby’s head to allow her to be pulled out. Once that is done and the baby’s mouth and nose are cleared, the umbilical cord is cut.
For most people, this is the first time they’ll get to hold their baby. Sometimes, however, a little more medical attention is required. For example, in a vaginal birth, the fluid in the baby’s lungs is normally pushed out as the baby passes through the birth canal. With a C-section, doctors might have to take steps to suction out that fluid.
Healing after a C-section
Now that the baby is secure, it is time for you to be closed up. Again, you likely will feel some tugging. At last, your top incision will be sewn or stapled shut. For most women, the entire process will take about an hour.
See this video to get a detailed overview about C-section