At some patients a kidney disease can occur without any symptom or obvious indication and that is the reason why it also is known as “a silent killer”. In order to cure kidney disease it is crucial to recognize the disease on time before the situation becomes critical.
Undoubtedly, you should lead healthy lifestyle and prevent occurrence of kidney and any other disease.
These are 12 of most common symptoms that indicate kidney disease:
1. Changes in your urinary capacity
Medical experts explain that some of the first symptoms of kidney disease are changes in the amount and frequency of your urination. Namely, if you have kidney disease you will notice increase or decrease in amount and/or its frequency, particularly at night. Your urine also may look dark-colored. Some patients also feel the urge to urinate but are unable to do so when they get to the toilet.
2. Difficulty or pain during voiding
Kidney disease may be manifested by difficulty or feeling of pressure or pain while voiding. Namely, urinary tract infections usually cause symptoms like pain or burning during urination. If are left untreated, these infections spread to the kidneys and may cause fever and pain in the back are.
3. Blood in the urine
If you notice blood in your urine you should be concerned as it is clear sign of kidney disease. Despite the fact that there are other conditions that cause blood in the urine, but it is highly advisable to visit a doctor.
Kidneys are responsible for removing waste and extra fluid from the organism. If their function is impaired, the extra fluid will build up and that will cause swelling in your hands, feet, ankles and/or your face.
5. Extreme fatigue and generalized weakness
Human kidneys produce a hormone called erythropoietin and this hormone is in charge for producing red blood cells that carry oxygen. When there is kidney disease, the levels of erythropoietin are lowered, the production of red blood cells in your body is decreased and that results in anemia. As a result of that, the oxygen delivery to cells is decreased which causes generalized weakness and extreme fatigue.
6. Dizziness & Inability to concentrate
Anemia is disease that is associated with kidney disease and this medical condition depletes your brain of oxygen. Anemia may cause dizziness, trouble with concentration, etc.
7. Feeling cold all the time
If you are suffering from kidney disease, you may feel cold even if you are in a warm surrounding, and the reason for that is anemia.
Kidney infection called pyelonephritis may cause fever with chills.
8. Skin rashes and itching
Waste buildup in your blood occurs as a result of kidney failure. This medical condition causes severe and really unpleasant itching and skin rashes.
9. Ammonia breath and metallic taste
Kidney failure substantially increases level of urea in your blood (uraemia). In the saliva, this urea is broken down to ammonia and that causes urinelike bad breath also known as “ammonia breath”. Patients who have this health issue explain that they also had an unpleasant metallic taste (dysgeusia) in their mouth
10. Nausea and vomiting
When you are suffering from kidney disease there is buildup of waste products in your blood which may cause nausea and vomiting.
11. Shortness of breath
Patients who are suffering from kidney disease often fluid build up in the lungs. In addition to that, anemia is a common side-effect of kidney disease and this condition starves the organism of oxygen. As a result of these medical conditions you may have trouble catching your breath.
12. Pain in the back or sides
Some patients who have kidney disease also experience pain in the back or sides. Namely, the patient experiences a severe cramping pain that spreads from the lower back into the groin are and this pain is caused by a kidney stone in the ureter.
Polycystic kidney disease is an inherited kidney disorder and it is another cause of pain. This condition causes many fluidfilled cysts in the kidneys. Interstitial cystitis is a chronic inflammation of the bladder wall which causes chronic pain and discomfort.
It is of extreme importance to identify the kidney disease early as in most cases the damage caused by this disease cannot be undone. When is caught early, the kidney disease is treated efficiently and without any consequences.